Scientific Track

List of Tracks

  • Geological and Environmental Sustainability is the study of the Earth, Materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them. ICGES 2021 gathering includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. It helps to ensure that the needs of today's population are met without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Our objectives are to conserve natural resources and the existing natural geological environment, to repair damage and reverse trends. This conference is aimed at reducing risks to the environment from contaminants such as hazardous materials and wastes, fuels, and oils.
    Track 1-1 Climate and global process modelling
    Track 1-2 Energy Policy
    Track 1-3 Planetary sciences
    Track 1-4 Natural hazards assessment

  • Geological Science is the scientific study of the earth and its geological systems. Geoscience deals with and investigation of Earth’s minerals, water, soil, and energy resources. Geoscience Education helps to review natural resources, teach us about the earth biographical nature and researches the resource we will get from the earth. Geoscience involves areas like volcanology, palaeontology, or geochronology or they add a replacement emerging discipline like medical or forensic geology. Geoscience deals with the below modules.
    Track 2-1 Environmental remediation and engineering
    Track 2-2 Petroleum and mining exploration and extraction
    Track 2-3 Land use planning
    Track 2-4 Palaeontology

  • Geoarchaeology is the sub-topic in geology. Archaeology is the study of the fabric remains of past human life and activities. The archaeological deals with artefacts, architecture, biofacts or Eco facts and cultural landscapes. Archaeological investigations are a primary source of data of prehistoric, ancient, and extinct cultures. Archaeology is usually considered both science and a branch of the humanities. One among the main acquirements of 19th-century archaeology was the event of stratigraphy. One of the primary sites to undergo archaeological excavation was Stonehenge and other megalithic monuments in England.
    Track 3-1 Enlightenment-era
    Track 3-2 Rock monuments
    Track 3-3 Historical Archaeology
    Track 3-4 Ethno-Archaeology

  • Engineering Geology knows about geological factors regarding things, design, construction, and operation. Earth Scientists provide conditional factors about geological and geotechnical recommendations, analysis, and magnificence associated with human development and various kinds of structures. Engineering geologist is within the area of investigation of how the world or earth processes impact human-made structures and human activities. Construction industries depend upon geological engineers to assure the steadiness of rock and soil foundations for tunnels, bridges, and high-rises. Foundations must withstand earthquakes, landslides, and everybody other phenomena that affect rock bottom, including permafrost, swamps, and bogs. Geological engineering finds better ways to create and manage landfills. Earth Scientists find safer ways to eliminate toxic chemicals and garbage and to manage sewage.
    Track 4-1 Geological features of the world
    Track 4-2 Earth Science
    Track 4-3 Groundwater contamination
    Track 4-4 Landslides

  • Environmental Geology may be a sensible application regarding the principles of geology within the solving of environmental problems. It is a multifaceted field that's closely related to engineering geology and, to a lesser extent, to environmental geography. Each of these fields involves the study of the interaction of humans with the geologic environment, including the biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and to some extent the atmosphere. They must have a solid understanding of past earthquakes and floods because it helps them to urge a way better idea of what sorts of geologic events repeat themselves, with what frequency they could occur, and what kinds of damage occurred thanks to those events. Environmental Geology could also be a fundamentally important branch of science because it directly impacts every single person in the world every single day.
    Track 5-1 Geological consideration of dams
    Track 5-2 Geologic materials
    Track 5-3 Estimating increased pollution of the environmental system

  • Mining Engineering academically accomplished within the extraction of minerals from beneath the earth. It is expounded to several other disciplines, like mineral processing, exploration, excavation, geology, and metallurgy, geotechnical engineering, and surveying. Mining Engineers are going to be working for resources to extract them from the planet like coal, minerals, petroleum, and other useful natural resources and lay out the plans, device shafts, inclines or quarries for the safe extraction of these resources from under the globe. The natural resources are often coal, petroleum, metallic or non-metallic minerals, etc.
    Track 6-1 Mineral processing
    Track 6-2 Mining rock mechanics
    Track 6-3 Mining ground control
    Track 6-4 Sustainable development

  • Civil Engineering is part of the engineering that deals with the buildout & maintenance of roads, bridges, giant buildings, airports, ports, subways, dams, mines, and different giant-scale developments. For an engineering project to realize success, the engineers should perceive the land upon that the project rests. Geologists study the land to figure out whether it is stable enough to support the planned project. Civil Engineers use geologists to seem at rocks for vital metals, oil, fuel, and groundwater. the price of natural science in mining has long been acknowledged however its use in engineering has been recognized solely in relatively recent years. natural science provides scientific information on construction material, its prevalence, composition, durability, and different properties. For an example of such construction materials is building stones, rock, clay, rock & dirt. The knowledge on the geologic work of natural agencies like water, wind, ice and helps in arising and effecting major engineering works.
    Track 7-1 Construction of dams, tunnels, highways, etc.,
    Track 7-2 Civil and structural engineering
    Track 7-3 Civil infrastructure and climate systems
    Track 7-4 Advanced materials for structural engineering

  • Structural Geology is the study of the three-dimensional gathering of rock units concerning their deformational histories. Architecture Geology to use measurements of present-day rock geometries to uncover information about the history of deformation (strain) within the rocks, and ultimately, to know the strain field that resulted within the observed strain and geometries. The study of geologic structures has been of prime importance in geology, both geology, and geology. Crease and faulted rock strata commonly form traps that accumulate and concentrate fluids like petroleum and gas.

    Structural Geology may be a critical part of Engineering Geology, which cares about the physical and machine-like properties of natural rocks. Structural Geology works to seek out the damage present within the rocks like folds, foliations, and joints are internal weaknesses of rocks which may affect the stability of human-engineered structures like dams, road cuts, open-pit mines, and underground mines or road tunnels. Geotechnical risk, including earthquake risk, can only be investigated by inspecting a mix of Structural Geology and geomorphology.
    Track 8-1 The orientation of geological features
    Track 8-2 Application of structural geology
    Track 8-3 Geological features of crustal rocks
    Track 8-4 Tectonic forces and rock behaviour

  • Petroleum Geologists are scientists will get new petroleum. Oil Geologists apply their knowledge on the world and find its structures and analyses data to assist in locating and retrieving petroleum. Petroleum Geologists have the skill to read the story told by the very earth beneath our feet to seek out petroleum and other oils which are vital resources in our lives.

    Petroleum Geology is predominantly alarmed with a valuation of seven key features in sedimentary basins. They are the source, Reservoir, Seal, Trap, Timing, and Maturation Migration. Surplus oil migrating in the source will escape to the surface and seep.
    Track 9-1 Elements of Petroleum Geology
    Track 9-2 Biological makers in fossil fuel production
    Track 9-3 Geological controls on hydrocarbon distribution
    Track 9-4 Low-permeability oil field development
    Track 9-5 Pressure-Sensitive Effects

  • Marine Geology is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. The investigation of the ocean floor and thus the coastal zone. Marine Geology has strong ties to seismology or oceanology. Aquatic Geology is going to be work on the ocean where they'll study about water and its minerals present in marine water. the world most of the population lives within 50 miles of the coast.
    Track 10-1 Environmental Oceanology
    Track 10-2 Marine Biology
    Track 10-3 Marine Sciences and Ecology
    Track 10-4 Physical Oceanography

  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) store and analyse and visualize data for geographic positions on Earth’s surface. GIS is a computer-based tool that examines spatial relation, patterns, and trends. GIS better understands data employing a geographic context. GIS flourished within the 1980s. Common GIS operations include data acquisition, data management, data demand, vector data analysis, raster data analysis, and data display. A crucial tendency is that the integration of desktop GIS, web GIS, and mobile technology, which has already led to the event of location-based services, collaborative web-mapping, and volunteered geographic information.
    Track 11-1 Earth Space-Time
    Track 11-2 Data management of Earth
    Track 11-3 Geography of Earth
    Track 11-4 Data analysis of Earth substances

  • Soil is that the foundation of terrestrial ecosystems and thus the bulk of ecosystem services needed for human survival arise from soil. By definition, Ecosystem services benefit for human development and represent nature’s wealth. as an example, the worth of Soil microbial metabolic pathways in removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, abating nutrients, eradicating pathogens and degrading organic pollutants has been estimated to be double that of the gross annual product.

    The monetary valuation of these services, demanded by many governments and international agencies, is typically depicted as a necessary condition for the preservation of the natural capital that Soils represent.
    Track 12-1 Water purification
    Track 12-2 Soil Service
    Track 12-3 Soil Biodiversity
    Track 12-4 Provisioning Services

  • Soil Prevention is all about the prevention of soil loss from erosion due to chemicals present in soil and contamination. A sequel to deforestation is usually the large scale of erosion, loss of soil nutrients and sometimes total desertification.

    Soil Erosion removes the topsoil that is necessary for organic matter, nutrients, micro-organisms that are required for plants to grow and shine. Soil Conservation is one such step that protects the soil from being washed away. The soil then lands up in aquatic resources bringing in pesticides and fertilizers used on agricultural land. Healthy soil is important for plants to grow and flourish. Taking the desired steps to conserve the soil as a neighbourhood of an environmentally friendly lifestyle. Soil conservation is also an important a neighbourhood of sustainable agriculture and food production since it entails keeping soil from becoming a pollutant within the surface waters, and its ability to sieve and filter pollutants where we are going to improve the assembly.
    Track 13-1 Natural Resource Management
    Track 13-2 Soil Chemical Analysis
    Track 13-3 Soil Science
    Track 13-4 Agriculture

  • Gas Reservoir in geology and gas production, a gift cargo deck, characteristically a folded rock formation like an anticline, that traps and holds gas like petroleum. Petroleum reservoirs are of two types they are conventional and unconventional reservoirs. Within the case of conventional reservoirs, this hydrocarbon, like petroleum or gas, are trapped by overlying rock formations with lower permeability. Reservoirs are found using the hydrocarbon exploration method. Gas reservoir, in geology and gas production, a gift stage area, characteristically a folded rock formation like an anticline that traps and holds the gas and it's to be capped by an impervious rock so on make an efficient seal that forestalls the gas from escaping upward or laterally.
    Track 14-1 Petroleum formation and Occurrence
    Track 14-2 Geological Condition of Shale Gas Accumulation
    Track 14-3 Natural Occurrence of Hydrocarbons
    Track 14-4 Types of Sedimentary Basins

  • A Volcano is a gap within the crust that permits molten rock from the mantle to effuse onto the surface as lava. Volcanoes also emit vast amounts of gas, primarily CO2, water vapour, and sulphur dioxide. The solid particles present in the atmosphere will remain for years. Most of the seismicity on the earth occurs at plate boundaries, although intra-plate seismicity can occur also when stresses build up within the plate. Volcanism is related to two of the plate boundaries types: divergent and convergent margins. Where two plates containing continental crust at their margins collide, there is little or no volcanism (such as at the Himalaya). Occasionally, plate boundaries where plates are mostly sliding by one another can experience small amounts of volcanism also if there is a component of extension across this boundary. Mauna Loa and Kilauea in Hawaii are the classic samples of intraplate volcanoes. Such volcanoes also can be seismically active, particularly when volcanic structures are built up rapidly. The crust must answer the additional load and relieves this stress through tectonic activity.
    Track 15-1 Seismic and Volcanic hazards
    Track 15-2 Environmental impacts of Volcanic eruptions
    Track 15-3 Formation of Tectonics plates
    Track 15-4 Types of plate boundaries

  • Environmental law is to protect the environmental pollution. Now environmental legal principles, specializing in the management of specific natural resources, like forests, minerals, or fisheries. Other areas, like environmental impact assessment. Now the Environmental law is taking care of each resource for the betterment of the environment.
    Track 16-1 Air Quality
    Track 16-2 Water Quality
    Track 16-3 Pollution Control